University of Medical Technology,Mandalay

Physiology Curriculum


Courses

·         Departmental Objectives

·         Level Objectives

·         Teaching Methods and Instructional Media

·         Total Teaching Hours

·         Student Assessment / Evaluation

 

Departmental Objectives

At the end of the course, the learner should:

Ø  have acquired knowledge of the

1)      normal functions of the human body

2)      basic laws and principles underlying physiological processes

3)      interactions and interrelations among the body systems

4)      working of the body under certain environmental and pathophysiological conditions

Ø                                             be able to demonstrate basic skills in

1)      using instruments that are commonly used in certain laboratory tests and procedures

2)      performing, recording and interpreting certain clinical procedures and laboratory tests

Ø                                            be able to

1)      apply scientific methods in solving health problems related to each discipline

2)      participate as a productive team member in the health care team

Ø                                            have sound attitude regarding the importance of physiology as a basis for understanding clinical disciplines

 

Level Objectives (First Year)

I.                  Introduction to Physiology

Objectives (SIO)

Contents

Method

Time

At the end of the session, the student should be able to

1.      state the chemical and physical  structure of cell

2.      enumerate the membranous and non-membranous cellular organelles

3.      describe the structure and function of cell membrane

4.      state the different types of intercellular connection and communication

v  Homeostasis

v  Body fluid compartments

v  The internal environment of the body

v  Units for measuring solute concentration

Lecture

6 hrs

II.                Cell physiology

Objectives (SIO)

Contents

Method

Time

At the end of the session, the student should be able to

5.      state the chemical and physical  structure of cell

6.      enumerate the membranous and non-membranous cellular organelles

7.      describe the structure and function of cell membrane

8.      state the different types of intercellular connection and communication

v  Cell structure and function

·         chemical structure

·         physical structure

·         structure and function of cell membrane

v  Intercellular connection and communication

Lecture

7 hrs

III.             Haematology

Objectives (SIO)

Contents

Methods

Time

At the end of the session, the student should be able to

1.      list the general functions of blood

2.      list the components of blood

3.      list the physical properties of blood

4.      define ESR and state the importance of ESR

5.      state the factors influencing ESR

6.      define PCV and state the conditions that cause absolute and relative changes in PCV

7.      describe the stages and control of erythropoiesis

8.      define anaemia and describe the physiological basis of anaemia

9.      classify different types of WBC

10.  state the functions of different types of WBC

11.  list the physiological and pathological variations of WBC count

12.  describe the role of platelets in haemostasis

 

v  Components of blood

v  Physical properties of blood

v  Packed cell volume (PCV)

v  Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)

v  The Erythrocytes (Red Blood Cells)

v  The Leucocytes (White Blood Cells)

v  The Platelets (Thrombocytes)

v  General functions of blood

 

Lecture

 

 

20hrs

 

IV.             Excitable Tissues

Objectives (SIO)

Contents

Method

Time

At the end of the session, the student should be able to

1.      define

a.       excitability

b.      stimulus

c.       resting membrane potential

 

2.      state the relationship between

a.       excitability and threshold

b.      electrical properties of the membrane and summation of subthreshold stimuli

 

3.      state the different parts of a neurone and the functions of each

 

4.      sketch, label and explain the

a.       monophasic action potential of a neurone

b.      action potential of cardiac pacemaker tissue

c.       action potential of cardiac ventricular muscle

5.      describe the ionic basis of

a.       the resting membrane potential of a neurone

b.      the action potential of a neurone

6.      describe the process of neuromuscular transmission in a skeletal muscle

7.      state the characteristics of

a.       cardiac muscle

b.      smooth muscle

v  Electrical properties of cell membrane

1.      Membrane potential

2.      Membrane resistance

3.      Membrane capacitance

 

v  Nerve

·         Functional anatomy

·         Excitation of neuron

·         Electrical responses of a neuron

 

 

v  Neuromuscular junction in skeletal muscle

v  Nerve endings in smooth and cardiac muscle : Synapse En passant

 

v  Muscle

Skeletal muscle

·         Morphology

·         Sarcotubular system

·         Electrical response

Cardiac muscle

·         Morphology

·         Electrical response

Smooth muscle

·         Morphology

·         Electrical response

 

 

Lecture

10hrs

V.                Autonomic Nervous System

Objectives (SIO)

Contents

Method

Time

At the end of the session, the student should be able to

1.      define

a.       autonomic nervous system

b.      sensory receptor

c.       reflex arc

2.      draw and label a reflex arc

3.      outline the general organization of the ANS

4.      enumerate the levels of integration in the ANS

 

 

 

v  Organization of the ANS

·         Sensory receptors

·         Afferent autonomic pathways (Visceral afferents)

·         Integrating centre

·         Autonomic outflow (Efferent pathways)

o   the sympathetic division

o   the parasympathetic division

 

·         Visceral effectors

 

 

 

 

 

Lecture

10 hrs

 

 VI.             General Endocrinology

Objectives (SIOs)

Contents

Methods

Time

At the end of the session, the student should be able to

1.      enumerate the hormone-secreting organs or tissues stating the respective secreted hormones

2.      explain the following hormonal interactions (giving one example each)

a.       inhibitory interaction

b.      synergistic interaction

c.       permissive interaction

3.      list the hormones synthesized and secreted by the neurons of the hypothalamus

4.      list the hypophyseotropic hormones and state the actions of each

5.      state the actions of growth hormone

6.      outline the regulation of growth hormone secretion

7.      explain the terms gigantism and acromegaly

8.       describe the regulation of secretion of

a.       AVP

b.      oxytocin

9.      state the actions of prolactin

 

General Endocrinology

v  overview of principal hormones of the body and their major sources (endocrine glands and other tissues)

v  factors influencing the action of hormone on the target tissue

v  mechanisms regulating hormone production (synthesis and secretion)

v  chemical nature of hormone

 

The endocrine hypothalamus and the pituitary hormones

·         hypothalamic releasing or inhibiting hormones and their actions

·         hormones of the anterior pituitary ( the adenohypophysis) and their actions

·         Anterior pituitary hormones

o   human growth hormone

o   prolactin

·         Posterior pituitary hormones

o   arginine vasopressin (AVP)

o   oxytocin

 

Lecture

8hrs

 

 VII.          Central Nervous System

Objectives (SIOs)

Contents

Method

Time

At the end of the session, the student should be able to

1.      recall the functional unit of the nervous system

2.      state the major functions of the nervous system

3.      define reflex

4.      recall the components of reflex arc

5.      give an example of monosynaptic reflex

6.      draw and label the diagrammatic representation of stretch reflex

7.      name the components of stretch reflex arc

 

v  Organization of the nervous system

v  Functions of the nervous system

v  Structural and functional components of nervous system

v  Reflexes

·         the monosynaptic reflexes

o   the stretch reflex

§  examples of stretch reflexes

§  the stretch reflex arc

·         the polysynaptic reflexes

o   types of polysynaptic reflexes

o   cross-extensor response

o   other polysynaptic reflexes

 

 

 

Lecture

6hrs

 

 Level Objectives (Second Year)

I.            CELL PHYSIOLOGY

Objectives (SIO)

Contents

Method

Time

At the end of the session, the student should be able to

1.      state the chemical and physical  structure of cell

2.      enumerate the membranous and non-membranous cellular organelles

3.      describe the structure and function of cell membrane

4.      list the various types of transport across the cell membrane

5.      describe the passive and active transport mechanisms

6.      state the different types of intercellular connection and communication

v  Cell structure and function

·         chemical structure

·         physical structure

·         structure and function of cell membrane

·         transport across the cell membrane

o   passive transport mechanisms

o   active transport mechanisms

·         intercellular connection and communication